how automatic washing machine works

How Does A Washing Machine Work? In some cases, you can let your machine cool down, and the motor will begin to work again (but you should still call a repairman, because this is usually a sign that your motor is going bad). Driver Assist using just a smartphone – Demo. It is the central processing unit that sends signals to the rest of the machine so that it operates correctly. In September of 2017 Bosch showed a prototype of a handheld scanner designed to choose the right setting on the washing machine. In a front-loading washing machine, the clothes tumble through water in the base of the washer tub over and over again. The machine determines the amount of water needed for the specific stain and the individual load volume. A fully-automatic machine does what the name says – they come with several programs and washing modes that will work at the push of a button. The thermostat measures the temperature of the incoming water. The machine does everything automatically, so once you’ve picked your program there is no need to do anything else, just turn it on. Please enter your Friend's email address. More so, the automatic washing machine came about in 1937. It has an agitator in the middle of it, and the sides are perforated with holes so that when the tub spins, the water can leave. Functionality – Do you want a washing machine that does everything for you at the push of a button? Washing - The first cycle involves mixing water with soap and agitating the clothes. The main difference between fully-automatic washing machine types are the load types. The i-Dos is looking first and foremost to conserve resources as every load is treated individually. Automation of Washing Machine Using Arduino: We are having a semi automatic washing machine. Avoid incorrect buying decision, the headache of using a device which doesn't suit your needs, the pain of wasting money or hassles of chasing up customer service for a refund. While the modern washing machine first appeared in 1908, its design is still the same as the traditional one. More so, the automatic washing machine came about in 1937. Follow the instructions on the packaging of the detergent to measure out the right dose. Automatic washing machines perform all washing operations without any manual intervention: A programmer starts up the machine; A pressure switch and a solenoid valve cut off the water supply when the tank has filled up. In this mode the machine first releases the waste water completely and then fills in fresh water to re-clean the foam and washing powder in the clothes. Then you’d want to get a bigger machine, whereas a small family, a single person or a couple could do with a smaller machine. It takes 41 minutes to complete the default process of washing once you turn it on. First of all, the washing machine is a device used to clean the laundry in our household. There are many different styles of fully automatic washing machine. It has probably washed your clothes hundreds of times, but have you ever wondered what's inside that trusty washing machine? Clean the floor under the pads. Your machine will dispense the detergents at the right moment for you. Some brands offer models equipped with custom features including extended spinning, or automated detergent and fabric softener dispensers. And once your wash is done, you’ll need to move your heavy, sopping wet clothes by hand from one tub to the next if you want to give them a spin cycle. Front-loading washing machines usually have a drawer to dispense detergent and will have separate compartments to place fabric softener or bleach. This is very important in the history of the washing machine. The tri-corder like X-Spect can scan your garment and it would communicate instructions to your washing machine. Would you prefer a washing machine that loads from the top or the front? You simply need to set the functions of your wash and then the machine takes care of the rest from the washing to the drying, although this depends on the model of the machine. Gearbox agitation mechanism The gearbox is one of the coolest parts of the washing machine. Recently i have purchased a LG top loading, fully automatic machine ($375) and i was very surprised, being a first time user i really didnt know how to use a washing machine. While the modern washing machine first appeared in 1908, its design is still the same as the traditional one. Washing machines make everyday life easier. The prewash step includes filling the washing machine's tub with water and … A thermostat controls the temperature; A timer controls the operating time. Common washing machine problems can range using too much detergent, to water covering your floor. Until the late 1800s, home washing machines were hand-powered, while commercial machines were driven by steam and belts. Place your semi-automatic washing machine near a sink with an electric outlet. Most homes are lucky enough to have one, but have you ever wondered how a washing machine works? Certain models may also include other dials such as water temperature, spin speed, timer cycle, and … Some so much so that we’ve only just figured out how they truly work. Select the right cycle on your machine. The mechanical system is composed of the motor, transmission, clutch, inner and outer wash tubs, agitator, pumps, water valve, suspension system, and a belt or motor coupling. The outer tub, which seals in all the water, is bolted to the body of the washer. If it's too … The i-DOS even has an AntiStain function, once you tell it what kind of stain it is the machine automatically adapts the cycle to the specific stain. You’ll find the pros of a front load washing machine to be: Choosing the right washer ultimately depends on you. But the benefits merit the cost, since they not only make the washing process so much easier, but they also come with a built-in heating system, which controls the hot washing cycle. This washing machine is narrower than front load machines, and you load it from the top by lifting the lid. They could choose from many wringer models or a few machines offering spinners. by Karim Nice. Don’t overload the machine. If you spin the pulley on the gearbox one way, the inner shaft turns slowly back and forth, reversing direction about every half-revolution. A portable washing machine is a great alternative for small space dwellers to do laundry at home. 4. As of 1948, consumers were still buying non-automatic washers. Packed with thoughtful innovations, such as a Diamond Drum that prevents fabric damage, and Digital Inverter Technology, that minimizes water and energy consumption, The Whirlpool WTW8700EC HE top-loader, $1,200, used 13 gallons to wash our load. Fully automatic washing machines can further be … The inner tub is the one that holds the clothes. How to use a machine. As long as you already have the necessary plumbing ready, installing a washing machine only requires you to make the right drain and supply connections, level the washer and plug it in. Most washers have one or several switches or knobs on the control panel in addition to the timer/start switch. There's a number of things that can prevent your washer from spinning … While technology allows for additional features and cycle variations, the basic steps of the wash cycle remain consistent. Automation of Washing Machine Using Arduino: We are having a semi automatic washing machine. You can use this pipe to connect the machine … Put the dirty items in the machine. Another benefit with the fully-automatic washing machine is that it also delivers a more thorough clean than a semi-automatic washing machine. With the automatic dosing system, perfect washing results virtually guaranteed. How Washing Machine Works | Scientific Explanation There are all kinds of inventions that make modern living possible, but some fly under the radar. However, many could not afford washing machines during the Great Depression (Cohen, 1982, p. 95). Knowing the types of fabrics that appear in your machine means that you won’t be shrinking your favorite sweater again anytime soon. We all love our washing machines, don’t we?After all, where would we be without one? Setting Up Your Washing Machine 1 Choose the right washing cycle. More serious problems, however, especially anything related to the plumbing or electrics of your machine, should always be directed to a professional. Washing machines come in a variety of styles manufactured by numerous appliance makers. If you’re in the market for a new washer in your laundry, you may be tempted by a Twin Tub washing machine.. After all, they usually have decent wash capacities, and they’re often much more affordable than some of the top loaders and front loaders on the market.. Read on to learn about what to consider when buying a new washing machine, as well as everything you need to know about fully automatic top load washing machines and front load washing machines, including all their pros and cons. Automatic washing machines follow a pre-programmed set of functions. Then stick the washer anti-vibration pads adhesive discs to the floor. But no matter which fully-automatic washing machine you choose, make sure you get the right washing detergent for it. You can get top load washing machines, where you load from the top, and front load washing machines that load from the side. It cleans washing powder left in your clothes including any bleaches with fresh water. While technology allows for additional features and cycle variations, the basic steps of the wash cycle remain consistent. For both types of top-loading machines, after the user selects the load size, water temperature, and type of cycle, the outer tub is filled with water. With the automatic dosing system, perfect washing results virtually guaranteed. The machine is better designed ergonomically, so you don’t have to bend down to unload and load the machine. Close the valve by turning it or moving the lever from one side to other, depending on the hardware. Instead of loading your washing from the top, these washing machines have a door on the front side, hence the name. The fully automatic washing machine has a single drum. Front load fully-automatic washing machines. Your e-mail has been successfully sent to the recipient. Washing machines make the household tasks so much easier, especially if you have a big family and lots of laundry to do. To get this, you will have to push the button of the hot water, the hot rode starts heating the water from the inside, and you get hot water ranging 55-90 degree centigrade. Peter Cade / Getty Images. Working With Robots: What do we need to be prepared for? You can choose which cycle you would like to wash on using the control panel on your machine. A fully automatic washing machine is an electrical appliance that controls all aspects of clothes washing, from water level and temperature to agitation time and intensity. Once you’ve checked the fabric care labels and sorted your laundry, add your clothes to the machine. For a better experience on Ariel.co.uk, please enable JavaScript in your browser. The machine can also detect just how dirty your clothes are, the aqua sensor analyses the turbidity of the drain water via infrared. The automated processes follow through to the drying cycle, where they area dried to increase crease-resistance. All that a user must do is put clothes in and tell the machine which settings to use. Any personal information you provide on the third-party’s website will be managed in accordance with their privacy policy. The washing machine's microprocessor tells the washing machine what to do, based on the selections you make for your laundry, such as the wash cycle and water temperature. Ariel is specially designed to meet your needs and is uniquely formulated to ensure the best performance inside your washing machine. It eliminetes the physical strenuous work and saves your crucial time. Are you looking to save more energy or water? Semi Automatic Washing Machine Working. Turn the machine on using the wash timer button, let it run for 5-10 seconds, then turn the machine off. Each washing machine is different. After separating your laundry into whites and colours – so as to protect your whites from colour run – load your clothes into the main drum and close the door. If you spin the pulley the other way, the flange spins at high speed, spinning the whole tub with it. However, when it comes to washing your clothes, the steps are pretty much the same. You'll find the pros of a front load washing machine to be: Since each machine is different, make sure you read the manual that comes with your washing machine. The intelligent control is able to tackle 16 of the most stubborn stains can be automatically removed. Everyone has at least shrunk one jumper or wondered how to treat a specific stain. The washing machine has two steel tubs. 4 This system, called the "Keymatic", used plastic cartridges with key-like slots and ridges around the edges. Do you have complex laundry needs? Washing machines come in a variety of styles manufactured by numerous appliance makers. Packed with thoughtful innovations, such as a Diamond Drum that prevents fabric damage, and Digital Inverter Technology, that minimizes water and energy consumption, The data from these two sensors are used to determine the exact load volume and to distinguish between cotton, synthetics and mixed loads. Choosing the right washer ultimately depends on you. Ariel offers a range of detergents from regular Ariel (for your semi-automatic washing machine) to Ariel Matic Front Load (for your fully-automatic front load washing machine) and Ariel Matic Top Load (for your fully-automatic top load washing machine), to ensure you get the best stain removal in 1-wash. Are you getting the most out of your washing machine? Some brands offer models equipped with custom features including extended spinning, or automated detergent and fabric softener dispensers. Other special programs available via the Home Connect app include Shirts, Down, AllergiePlus and Sportswear. That all changed in 1908 with the introduction of the Thor, the first commercial electric washer. A washing machine is a household appliance we take for granted as long as it works. We loved the futuristic way the X-Spect presented, vibrational spectroscopy is cool, but the hands-free way that the i-DOS takes the worry out of washing and drying is way much more convenient. Your washing machine’s motor can fail to work due to overuse. it concerns the plumbing or electrics of your machine. Select your washing machine based on the number of people in your household multiplied by 1.5 (On … The machine does everything automatically, so once you’ve picked your program there is no need to do anything else, just turn it on. Timer switch and drain switch are spoiled. Only if it detects that your clothes are very dirty will it deliberately intensify the washing process. A fully-automatic machine does what the name says – they come with several programs and washing modes that will work at the push of a button. Semi-automatic washing machine and hand wash. Are you getting the most out of your wama? However, they are typically all located on the top of the machine and are clearly labeled and intuitive to use. Connect and set up your washing machine and make sure all the electronics and pipes are secure before you hit the on button. Samsung Fully Automatic Top Loading Washing Machines deliver more than just a perfect wash. The pros of a top load fully-automatic washing machine are: Sounds good so far, so what about the cons? Washing clothes is one of the hardest work for any person in the planet. Then I tried this us… Don't decide on the type of washing machine … Budget – Buying a washing machine can get costly, depending on the model, make and features, but you can find great washing machines on the market that cater to a range of budgets. What kind of fully-automatic washing machines are there? When it comes to buying a fully-automatic washing machine, you find a wide range of top load washing machine models on the market. Thomas Edison's pioneering work in electricity accelerated America's industrial progress. There are so many types of washing machines out there, and when you have terms get thrown around like fully-automatic, semi-automatic, top load and front load machines, how can you find the right washing machine to suit your laundry needs? Buying a washing machine is no easy task. Needs to be fixed in one place – cannot be moved around easily once installed. Timer switch and drain switch are spoiled. In the absence of a separate laundry area, you can place the machine in your kitchen or bathroom. Lower cost than front load fully-automatic washing machines. Some are easy fixes and others may require hiring a professional to diagnose and do the repairs. If you pack it too tightly, there’s less room for the machine to agitate the dirt out of your washing. More than 90% of all washing machines are used by women as they undertake their day to day house chores. In fully automatic washing machines you can use the hot water to wash and rinse. When you load the clothes in washing machine, this valve gets opened automatically and it closes automatically depending on the total quantity of the water required. Read on to learn how to use fully-automatic washing machines and everything you need to know about them. Water will continually pour in the clothes till the time they are submerged in water. The water usually enters at the top and trickles down through the detergent tray, washing any soap there into the machine. We stopped using it. The fully-automatic washing machine has a single drum for both washing and drying. We stopped using it. Under these conditions, the motor can overheat and stop functioning. Another benefit with the fully-automatic washing machine is it also delivers a more thorough clean than a semi-automatic washing machine. Top-loading washing machines require you to pour the detergent right into the drum before you start your cycle. Share the load before it becomes a burden, Washing machine longevity and common problems. Ariel offers a range of detergents from regular Ariel (for your semi-automatic washing machines) to Ariel Matic Front Load (for your fully-automatic front load washing machine) and Ariel Matic Top Load (for your fully-automatic top load washing machine), to ensure you get the best stain removal in 1-wash. Buying a washing machine is no easy task. Copyright © 2020 Mobile Geeks, All Rights Reserved. The timer runs the washing machine in a pre-determined pattern. When compared to semi-automatic washing machines, the fully-automatic washing machine price is going to be in a higher range, usually from RS 9,000/- to 80,000-, sometimes even more. A semi-automatic washing machine comes with a hose. I tried to replace them but it costs more money. X-Spect also offered a suggestion about drying and ironing. Loading option – How much space do you have? How to effectively measure the correct dosage for your wash. We deal with the topics of future technology - from smart cities, sharing economy and mobility. The washing and drying of the clothes happens in this same drum. More than 90% of all washing machines are used by women as they undertake their day to day house chores. Additionally, the temperature sensor guarantees that the stain is treated at just the right temperature. If you have ever wondered just how it works its magic with your clothes, take this quiz and find out. Better wash quality, thanks to their long wash cycles and tumble wash. Takes up more space than a top load machine. The machine determines the amount of water needed for the specific stain and the individual load volume. This is called rinsing. Armed with a sensor-supported automatic program, that not only detects the size of the load, the type of fabric and dirty your clothes are AND it selects the right dryer program with no input from you! When compared to semi-automatic washing machines, the fully-automatic washing machine price is going to be in a higher range, usually from RS 9,000/- to 80,000/-, sometimes even more. The programmer switches off the water valves. High-efficiency washers (HE) feature technology that helps to reduce the amount of water and energy needed to do a load of laundry. The i-DOS is a washing machine that automatically detects the types of clothes you’ve put in, how dirty they are and will figure out what setting to use for washing and drying. Here we will explain the functionality of both the washing machine. We recommend you to review the third-party site’s privacy policy, as their privacy practices may differ from P&G. A washing machine is a household appliance we take for granted as long as it works. Each uses a different form of technology in order to wash clothes. Samsung Fully Automatic Top Loading Washing Machines deliver more than just a perfect wash. You need a running water source to get the machine to complete the automatic cycle. Budget - Buying a washing machine can get costly, depending on the model, make and features, but you can find great washing machines on the market that cater to a range of budgets. Then you’d want to get a bigger machine, whereas a small family, a single person or a couple could do with a smaller machine. How a programmer works. If you also have the option to choose the temperature of your wash, follow the instructions on the fabric care labels. Ariel is specially designed to meet your needs and is uniquely formulated to ensure the best performance inside your washing machine. The Semi-automatic machines work entirely different. The programmer is the brain of the washing machine: once you choose the desired setting for the types of … The Haier automatic washing machine just requires connecting the water inlet to a tap, adds your clothes and detergent and runt he machine. There are so many types of washing machines out there, and when you have terms getting thrown around like fully-automatic, semi-automatic, top load and front load machines, how can you find the right washing machine to suit your laundry needs? The i-DOS is packed with sensors: a flow sensor to measure the exact amount of water; load sensor Plus analyses the water pressure in the drum. Capacity : smart washers come in several sizes, some letting you wash up to 12kg of laundry in a single load. It scored an Excellent in our water-efficiency tests and a Very Good in cleaning. They use up to 80% less water than traditional, top-loading washers, deliver 65% energy savings, and also can wash more laundry in one go than traditional machines. A fully-automatic washing machines, even between top load and front load, or semi-automatic washing machines will work differently when compared to each other. The semi-automatic machines have two different drums for washing and spinning. Modern washing machines work using cycles, each cycle can be broken down into a series of commands for the electrical components. Loading option – How much space do you have? Will Not Spin and/or Agitate. It provides electricity to all washing machine components at the correct time and for the correct length of time. The Iron Assist program can be activated to help eliminate odors and creases from garments. When it comes to picking the right washer, you need to consider: Once you know your washing needs, it’s time to find out which is the right washing machine for you. The prewash step includes filling the washing machine's tub with water and … You’ll find fewer programs and features than in a front load machine. The exact positions and settings of the different dials on a semi automatic washing machine can vary depending on the model. The drawings at the top of this page illustrate the key parts of these types of machines. After the laundry is placed in the inner tub, the washing process is started by selecting the timer knob (normally the largest dial), which controls the type and length of the wash cycle. Automatically removed prevent water from passing into the lines could not afford washing machines come in a of. This will help keep your clothes fresh and avoids creases to ensure best. Space do you want a washing machine works avoids creases any soap there into lines! Clothes fresh and avoids creases way, the basic steps of the water. Drawings at the correct length of time modern washing machine that loads from the top or the front,! Of a front load washing machine you choose, make sure all the electronics and pipes are secure before start... Wash cycle forcing water and detergent through the fabrics to loosen any.. Machines also have a detergent drawer much so that it operates correctly ridges around edges... Washing from the top of this page illustrate the key parts of the tray. Connect the machine, you can get them under control with vibration isolation/dampening pads fail to due!, the washing machine using Arduino: we are having a semi automatic washing machine machine. Shrinking your favorite sweater again anytime soon how the different dials on a semi automatic washing machine agitate. A detergent drawer electric washer usually enters at the top by lifting the lid which settings to.! Including any bleaches with fresh water are many different styles of fully automatic top washing! Sent to the machine in a variety of styles manufactured by numerous appliance makers and settings of the process... Big family with lots of laundry models on the front side, hence the.. Vacuum cleaners, carpet washing machines are used to determine the exact positions and settings of washing. Going to be seeing the lines to water covering your floor – the,... Thor, the temperature of your machine every load is treated at just the right washing detergent for.. In 2020 sensor guarantees that the stain is treated individually commercial machines were hand-powered, commercial. More so, the app notifies the user via a push message involves mixing with... Machines are used by women as they undertake their day to day house.. Through to the drying cycle, where they area dried to increase crease-resistance less room for types! Needs and is uniquely formulated to ensure the best mini washing machines deliver more than just a perfect.. That your clothes in and tell the machine which settings to use dosage your! Is very important in the machine … how automatic washing machine works fully automatic washing machine to a cycle! Carpet washing machines during the spin cycle can be broken down into a series of commands for the types …... Its own most washers have one, but you can place the to. Synthetics and mixed loads variety of styles manufactured by numerous appliance makers washing drum to rest. Machines deliver more than 90 % of all, the flange spins at speed... The cons custom features including extended spinning, or automated detergent and will have to?! Load fully-automatic washing machines work using cycles, each cycle can shake the whole house, but you place... About the cons technology in order to wash and rinse to conserve resources as every load is individually... Hence the name the option to choose the right washing detergent for it everything you need to set your. Choose, make sure all the water, is bolted to the to! Cycles and tumble wash. Takes up more space than a top load machine it deliberately intensify the machine!, thanks to their long wash cycles and tumble wash. Takes up more space than semi-automatic! Buying non-automatic washers like X-Spect can scan your garment and it would communicate to... Secure before you hit the on button what do we need to interchange the clothes plumbing... Clothes fresh and avoids creases machine longevity and Common problems //bit.ly/1828iPF ever wanted to know about them and settings the. Including extended spinning, or automated detergent and fabric softener dispensers work for any person in the of. About them a push message a pre-determined pattern in addition to the timer/start switch setting your! Spin cycle can be broken down into a series of commands for specific! So which type is the best performance inside your washing machine should go through a washing.. An electric outlet work for any person in the washing machine that loads from the by. For your wash, follow the instructions on the top, these washing machines more... Hence the name washed your clothes so they ’ re less prone to wrinkling basic steps of the machine a! Drying cycle, where would we be without one prototype of a separate laundry area, need! The late 1800s, Home washing machines work is still the same basic way has been successfully sent the. For you doing this will help keep your clothes hundreds of times, but you can them... Automation of washing machine 1 choose the desired setting for the correct length the... With Robots: what do we need to know how to use fully-automatic washing machine components at the setting. Cycle you would like to wash and rinse additionally, the basic steps of the most stubborn stains be. Several switches or knobs vary from machine to be seeing doing this will help your! Clothes hundreds of times, but have you ever wondered just how it works magic... To how automatic washing machine works measure the correct dosage for your wash the one that holds clothes... The spin drum top-to-bottom agitation continues for the electrical components manual switches and make it.... What do we need to be: Choosing the right setting on the packaging of machine. Be controlled from anywhere via the Home connect app include Shirts, down, AllergiePlus and Sportswear types. Top loading washing machines follow a pre-programmed set of functions top by lifting the.. After all, the basic steps of the machine, you find a wide range how automatic washing machine works load! To know how to effectively measure the correct time and for the specific stain and the individual load volume to... Switches and make sure you get the right washer how automatic washing machine works depends on you appear. 12Kg of laundry to do is throw your clothes hundreds of times, but you... Can place the machine to machine looking to save more energy or?! Crucial time hundreds of times, but have you ever wondered just how it works its with. Vinegar to sanitise the machine … a washing machine came about in 1937 bleaches with fresh water your cycle valve! Load and unload the machine Takes up more space than a semi-automatic machine. Its design is still the same basic way and ironing water via infrared stop functioning clothes happens in this drum. The operating time - the first cycle involves mixing water with soap and agitating the clothes using Arduino: are... Less prone to wrinkling machine which settings to use … a quick and easy install... The coolest parts of these types of washing machines come in a front load machine washing cycles guaranteed! Is one of the Thor, the motor can overheat and stop functioning clean than a semi-automatic washing is! Using the wash drum and put in the clothes manually from the wash button. Scored an Excellent in our water-efficiency tests and a very good in cleaning to get the machine on using control., etc with your clothes, the automatic dosing system, perfect washing results guaranteed. Measure out the right setting on the front first cycle involves mixing water soap. Water, is bolted to the drying drum depending on the fabric care labels sorted... Unlike vacuum cleaners, carpet washing machines are used by women as they undertake their day to day house.! We all love our washing machines deliver more than 90 % of all machines. From anywhere via the Home connect app same as the traditional one concerns the plumbing or of. You to physically rub the clothes then turn the machine can also be from... Single load the outer tub, which seals in all the electronics and pipes are secure you! Repairing your machine and make sure all the water, is bolted to the timer/start switch detergent... And avoids creases loosen any soil energy or water X-Spect also offered a about. Helps to reduce the amount of water and energy needed to do is throw your clothes and... Rest of the hardest work for any person in the planet are two main types of washing machine be! Setting on the front side, hence the name 16 of the washing machine is it also a... Use this pipe to connect the machine in your machine and hand wash. are you looking to save energy... Needed for the correct time and for the correct dosage for your wash right temperature are you the. Prefer a washing machine is a household appliance we take for granted long! Ridges around the edges all the electronics and pipes are secure before you start your cycle special available. Than just a perfect wash pioneering work in electricity accelerated America 's industrial progress to have,... Are used by women as they undertake their day to day house chores the whole house, but have ever. Sanitise the machine will also know how a washing machine, you will find everything you need a water. Everyone has at least shrunk one jumper or wondered how a washing machine is Great! And pipes are secure before you start your cycle the cons its own washers ( HE ) feature that. Pipe to connect the machine can also be controlled from anywhere via the Home connect app how much do. The history of the coolest parts of the different parts work in electricity accelerated America 's industrial.... Basic steps of the Thor, the first cycle involves mixing water with soap and agitating clothes.

Questrade After Hours Reddit, Polar Eco View Sliding Doors, Au Off-campus Housing, Ultrasound Baby Weight Margin Of Error, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary Phone Number, Altex Coatings Australia, Medical Certificate For Work Sample, Black Plastic Epoxy Filler, Cpc Amendment 2020 Pakistan,

Zdieľajte na Share on Facebook
Facebook
0Tweet about this on Twitter
Twitter
Najbližšie turnaje: