The revolutionaries had no choice … After Napoleon became Emperor of France he was aware that the country was disorganized. How did the Scientific Revolution impact people’s views about absolute monarchies and government? The war went badly, and Louis XVI was blamed. Crossing the Nieman River/ Vilna: Napoleon wanted a big battle and quick victory, but didn’t get it here. Napoleon held a plebiscite and he won overwhelmingly. The University of France was established. Ever since Edmund Burke, 170 years ago, dipped his pen in vitriol to blast the Revolution in its infancy, generation after generation of Frenchmen, with occasional support from other … He believed in using force to crush uprisings – and did. In the mid to late 1700s, France was a mess. French nobles and clergy that went to other European countries fleeing the Revolution and sharing their stories with other European rulers. Napoleon went back to Corsica to start a revolutionary movement (got the idea from the French Revolution around him). European Monarchs React to the French Revolution. His first job was to create a set of laws that were logical and clearly understood by the common people. The medieval people believed that the king was in charge because God had chosen him to. Many of them felt that democracy was the best way for this to happen. She eventually gave birth to Napoleon II, the King of Rome. It had three groups, but the most powerful were the Jacobins. Leaders of the most powerful countries were afraid that the revolution would spread to their monarchies, especially after the beheading of Louis the XVI and Marie Antoinette. All church officials were now paid by the state; they could not collect taxes (tithes – 10% of commoners’ income); and the church had to give up all land to the state. He replaced the old French laws, which were mixed with Roman, Church and local customs. The clergy (First Estate) and the rich (Second Estate) each got one vote in the Estates-General (kind of like Congress). There was great unrest in France, caused by bad harvests, high, prices, high taxes, and disturbing questions raised by the Enlightenment ideas. The major powers were Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia. France was once again a monarchy with an empire in Europe and around the world. Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy.Nobility has often been an estate of the realm that possessed more acknowledged privilege and higher social status than most other classes in society. Over 30,000 people were beheaded. Name:_____ Date: _____ Block: French Revolution Webquest We have learned about absolutism and how monarchs abused their power in Europe. The government was reorganized. The European monarchs were joined in their vigil by the Fre… They knew about the new and better type of government that had been set up in the United States. Abbott (Emmanuel Joseph) Sieyes, a clergyman and political theorist, suggested that he use the army for a coup. The National Convention was grateful and promoted him to general. How would you deal with this situation? A coalition was formed against France, including Great Britain, the Netherlands, Spain, the Kingdom of Sardinia, Austria and Prussia. The three Bourbon French Monarchy that mainly contributes to the French Revolution are: Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI. Create a national plan that gives solutions for what you think are the problems in the following statement. Others trace a period of decline, with a small but noticeable decrease in religious observance in the decades before the Revolution. This fear developed from the thought of lower-class workers having any sort of power in the government. However, his father eventually got a job with the French government. After 10 months of brooding and planning the situation in France gave him the opportunity he needed to return. Share. Louis XVI and his family were now prisoners of the revolution. _____ Religious Intolerance _____ Social Injustice _____ Unpopular Method of Rule, _____ Enlightenment Ideas _____ Economic Distress _____ Nationalism. The Congress met with a number of purposes. She needed cash and knew how to make men fall for her. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites, In the 1700s, France was considered the most advanced. Monarchs around Europe saw this as a threat. A new education system was introduced, too, but not for everyone. The king's power was limited due to lords and wealthy churchmen. They initiated wage controls and price controls. Napoleon didn’t want it to look like he was a single ruler who had taken power. why did europeon rulers and nobles denounce the French Revolution? He wanted a temporary government set up. Also, France’s enemies were united against France and were winning many battles against France. They groaned under heavy taxes and forced labour. A. He waited five weeks for peace terms from the Czar, but Czar Alexander wouldn’t give up. By 1789 France was in need of money because of the financial support for the American Revolution and the spending habits of the wealthy. Louis XIV had spent money on wars and parties but had only taxed the Third Estate. It had a large population and a prosperous foreign trade. Why did the European monarchs during the French Revolution fear the "French Plague"? The Estates are social classes consisting of: the First, Second, and Third Estates. The March into Moscow: Napoleons marched into an empty city. Over half of the STILL EXIST TODAY in France! The more autocratic nobles were against it, the more liberal ones less so, or even favorable. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a major impact. He even changed his name to Bonaparte. (Select all that apply.) He called his new laws The Code Napoleon. Some supporters suggested that he become Consul for Life. France also couldn’t reach its colonies. The newly created Legislative Assembly wanted to spread the revolution across Europe. Also, Napoleon established a secret police to watch over potential enemies of the state. Wives were given an inferior status. He was a dictator, but did give some freedoms to the French people. This was called the. People are rioting all over France due to bread shortages and hardships on the poor. Also, Napoleon took power from his political enemies by taking assets from his political enemies. Does Matthew Gray Gubler do a voice in the Disney movie Tangled? Although membership in the noble class was mainly inherited, it was not a fully closed order. No period of history has so frequently been rewritten in the light of current preoccupations or been such a repeated battleground of conflicting ideologies as the French Revolution. C. Louis XVI. There is no standard in France for measuring goods, which makes trade and business difficult. People rioted, which led the Directory to use the army on its own people. In addition, his public works programs were largely funded by stealing from other nations that the Grand Armee conquered. Many soldiers agreed to protect the women on this march. Which accurately describe events leading to the Scientific Revolution? Protestants in France were also persecuted. Rights and Obligations: people had certain rights and freedoms but had to follow contractual and inheritance laws. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? In 1791, the monarchs of Austria and Prussia issued the Declaration of Pilnitz, in which they threatened to intervene to protect the French monarchy. Education had major changes. Napoleon decided against a coup, and instead had the government moved away from the Paris mobs, to Saint-Cloud. Property: the Church’s property was taken; when a woman’s husband died her property was confiscated. (people were poor and rioting) At this time he met Rose de Beauharnais, otherwise known as Josephine. 7. He wealthy noble husband had been beheaded during the Terror. By the beginning of October 1789, most women could no longer feed their children, let alone themselves. After reading, consider which of the paragraphs above relate to the following "causes". In the political system of pre-Revolutionary France, the nobility made up the Second Estate of the Estates General (with the Catholic clergy comprising the First Estate and the bourgeoisie and peasants in the Third Estate). Napoleon brought with him two regiments of soldiers, which made the council angry and refused him. Napoleon was sent to Nice after receiving a promotion. He formed a young and old, inexperienced army. The Directory called upon Napoleon for assistance. Earlier that year Italy sold Corsica to France. Most of his best-trained soldiers were dead after the Russian failure. This allowed him to manage free education for his children. Napoleon knew he had to make the government effective so that chaos and mob rule didn’t develop further. Britain and Russia were still poised against France in Europe and Napoleon’s army was devastated. There are some serious problems that really existed in France. They were not allowed to have legal control over family property, and had to be obedient to their husbands. They didn’t want an absolute monarch and they didn’t want to the First and Second Estate to have more of a say than they did. In addition, supply lines were stretched out thinly. (Select all that apply.) It, was the center of the Enlightenment, and France’s culture was widely praised, and imitated by the rest of the world. The Third Estate thought that it was being treated unfairly. Humiliated, Louis XVI agreed to return to Paris where he would manage the food problem himself. Catholic ever since Louis XIV did away with the Edict of Nantes. After Napoleon’s defeat these ideas were suppressed by reactionaries and conservatives. Not long after Julie and Joseph were married. He had a brought a great culture to France, but he had also caused economic and religious problems. However, it was responsible to Napoleon. Religious freedoms, however, were protected by law. Smolensk: Peasants began rallying against Napoleon’s invading army; more and more of Napoleon’s troops were dying. This made his retreat difficult. Both the Spanish and Portuguese waged a guerilla war against the French. However, he became angry with his partner and left Corsica, with his family, and declared himself a Frenchman. D. Marie Antoinette. View the answer now. Napoleon Bonaparte would be a key figure in this. They wanted to have more of a say in their government. So the gov’t of France no longer had enough money. Absolute monarchs in the 17th century begin to build the structure of a powerful, military, bureaucratic, modern state. A coalition was formed to fight against France, to keep the revolution from spreading through Europe. They saw democracy in England and in the United States (although it was not universal). The French Revolution was a major event in the history of Western societies, and has had a profound effect on the world today. Which accurately describe events leading to the Scientific Revolution? Napoleon’s conquests in Europe led to the spread of revolutionary ideas throughout the continent. Portugal refused to follow the continental system, as British trade was critical to Portuguese prosperity. The Spanish resented Napoleon’s domination. was asked on May 31 2017. (4) All former ruling families would be restored to their thrones. An angry mob of 30,000 people gathered outside of the National Convention, angry at the lack of voting power, bread shortages and financial state of the country. The Directory became an oligarchy and was hated by commoners. Her name was Emilie. Absolute Monarchy, the French Revolution & Napoleon, country of Europe. The Third Estate, which was 97% of the population, only got one vote. So, Napoleon marched into the Orangerie and ordered them to sign a paper creating a provisional government - it is known as the coup of 18 Brumaire (November9, 1799). Which do you think may have been the more dire causes? People actually began to starve. He created a new constitution and new government, but the government had no power. Although the French and American people had several distinct and differing motives for revolting against their ruling governments, some similar causes led to both revolutions, including the following:Economic struggles: Both the Americans and French dealt with a taxation system they found discriminating and unfair. The National Assembly dissolved itself and created an elected National Convention. The Continental System: Europe created a trade blockade of Britain, which drove prices up in Europe. The economy of France fell apart and there were food shortages. The National Assembly thought they could restore control through laws. While thinking about the reliability of them, find out where you might possibly be - as a teenager - on the world's wealth spectrum. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the French Revolution? On the other hand, the peasants and workers lived a wretched life. In Revolutionary France, the Legislative Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic. People rose up against the monarchy because Louis had brought troops to the assembly. Tens of thousands of men died, but it was still not a decisive battle. Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. The Enlightenment sought to shed the “light” of reason on traditional ideas about government, and some thinkers encouraged the people to revolt. In 1807 he was rolling through Poland and met the beautiful Maria Waleska, a countess. Trafalgar: The French and Spanish navies were destroyed at Trafalgar, which left Spain furious with France and France’s coastline vulnerable to English attack from the sea. He had lost a measure of support but was faced with a coalition against him from Great Britain, Sweden, Spain, Prussia and Russia. Two events led to his growing fame. He returned to France and resumed his affair with Desiree. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the french revolution? He returned to France but was thrown in jail for is revolutionary activities. (this was justified as she had a number of lovers over the years) The problem for Napoleon was that Josephine couldn’t have children. Desiree’s parents weren’t keen on their other daughter marrying a poor captain of the army. Monarchy - Monarchy - Premodern monarchies: During the Middle Ages, European monarchies underwent a process of evolution and transformation. Napoleon’s Temperament During Childhood and Youth. The French Monarchs had unlimited power and they declared themselves as the “Representative of God”. History. It succeeded in France and a number of the German states, specifically Prussia and Austria, but it wasn’t successful everywhere; it failed to develop in Spain and was defeated in England. 1. In fact, it was the Directory alone that had decision-making power. The curriculum was designed to develop young people into logical and reasonable-minded civil servants. France had an absolute monarch. Additionally, France’s involvement in the American Revolution, along with extravagant spending practices by King Louis XV… Napoleon created over 2300 articles of laws. As for their claims to being "revolutionary," these monarchies were "born" in the French Revolution, and paid "lip service" to "Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite." Factions. There were four main decisions made. Napoleon was born in 1769 in Corsica. Did Britney Spears cheat on Justin Timberlake? Beginning in 1789, France started down a path to eliminate the monarchy and instate a republic. The Church owned land and individuals took care of this land for them, however they were not responsible for paying taxes on this land. Napoleon was quick tempered; laughed at for his Corsican accent and strange appearance; anti-social (and a little paranoid that people laughed at him); good at Math, History and Geography (good military-related subjects); thought he was superior and had a big ego; and very patriotic to Corsica. (Select all that apply.) The country of France had helped the Americans fight against the British in the American Revolution. They also thought that the king was above the law. How is purchasing power connected to this? As a result, efforts were made to incorporate Enlightenment (Select all that apply.) The French Revolution and its aftermath had left the aristocracy of Europe in a fearful state dreading the day of a working-class revolt. Borodino: This was the first major battle against Russia, and the bloodiest of the 1800s. Old Regime Third Estate, Declaration of the Rights of Man Jacobins, Directory Sans-culottes, The Great Fear The Terror Napoleonic Code, émigré constitutional monarchy. 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