how did the good neighbor policy affect latin america

The Platt Amendment and US-Cuba Relations, 10 of the Most Influential Presidents of the United States, What Is Latin America? Further, he urged filmmakers to refrain from producing movies that perpetuated negative stereotypes. Favorite Answer. Nov 24, 2015 - The Good Neighbor Policy was controversial to both sides. These U.S. efforts largely neglected the Latin American countries, though U.S. investors and businessmen did have some stake in the nations to the South. U.S. troops had occupied Cuba since 1898 during the Spanish-American War. Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas responded by nationalizing their holdings, creating the state-owned petroleum company PEMEX. ", Good Neighbor Policy, 1933 - 1921–1936 - Milestones - Office of the Historian (Good Neighbor Policy, 1933 - 1921–1936 - Milestones - Office of the Historian). [12] Moore-McCormack had them refurbished and renamed them SS Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina for their new route between New York and Buenos Aires via Rio de Janeiro, Santos and Montevideo.[11][13]. A considerable number of the total population of 120 million people in “Latin America” are not in the least Latin in origin or culture but are Indians, Negroes, and people of mixed blood. [24], Alan McPherson, "Herbert Hoover, Occupation Withdrawal, and the Good Neighbor Policy. After World War II, the Organization of American States (OAS) was established in 1948 for the purpose of ensuring cooperation between the countries of the Americas. [11] The passenger liners were the recently defunct Panama Pacific Line's SS California, Virginia and Pennsylvania. Definition and Historical Perspective, Mestizaje in Latin America: Definition and History, Herbert Hoover, Occupation Withdrawal, and the Good Neighbor Policy, Interpreting the New Good Neighbor Policy: The Cuban Crisis of 1933. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 2012 p. 41-50, Martha Gil-Montero, Brazilian Bombshell (Donald Fine, Inc., 1989, 1939 World's Fair Collection, Henry Madden Library Special Collections, California State University, Fresno Jose. The U.S. occupation of Nicaragua bad begun in 1912 as part of an effort to prevent any other nation except the United States from building a proposed but never built Nicaraguan canal connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Good Neighbor Policy US pledged to lessen its interference in the affairs of Latin Americans nations - strengthened LA nationalism and improved relations between LA and US - under President Franklin Roosevelt, they took a new approach to Latin America and pledged to follow "the policy of the ____ ______" - withdrew troops from Nicaragua and Haiti To maintain peace and economic stability in the Western Hemisphere, Roosevelt’s policy stressed cooperation, non-intervention, and trade instead of military force. Asked by Wiki User. Under his leadership the United States emphasized cooperation and trade rather than military force to maintain stability in the hemisphere. Although the policy was implemented by the Roosevelt administration, President Woodrow Wilson had previously used the term, but subsequently went on to justify U.S. involvement in the Mexican Revolution and occupation of Haiti. The interventionist tactics that the U.S. employed in fighting the spread of communism to Latin America during the Cold War ended the Good Neighbor Policy era. 5 6 7. The Good Neighbor policy (Spanish: Política de buena vecindad[1] Portuguese: Política de Boa Vizinhança) was the foreign policy of the administration of United States President Franklin Roosevelt towards Latin America. Plz Thank Me :) kaitlyncha kaitlyncha I'm pretty sure the answer is A. From 1959 to 1970, the population of Cuban immigrants living in the U.S. grew from 79,000 to 439,000. How did the good neighbor policy change the relationship between the US and Latin America? How did the good neighbor policy change the relationship between the US and latin America? The Good Neighbor Policy terminated US occupation of Nicaragua and Hait in the 1930s, re-calibrated our relationship with Cuba in 1934 by terminating the Platt Amendment, and negotiated compensation for Mexico’s nationalization of foreign-owned oil assets in 1938. Worst of all, pundits like to point to the dramatic decline in economic and military aid or the absence of an all-encompassing policy with an exciting moniker such as the Good Neighbor Policy or the Alliance for Progress as proof that the U.S. is ignoring the region and therefore ceding influence to others with a clear anti-American agenda. Hull said: "No country has the right to intervene in the internal or external affairs of another. The Good Neighbor Policy caused the annulment of the Platt Amendment to in 1934, though the U.S did continue to exert influence on Cuban affairs. The post-World War II Cold War ended the Good Neighbor era, as the United States sought to prevent Soviet-style communism from spreading to the Western Hemisphere. Second, the Office of Inter-American Affairs (OIAA) was created in 1940 to … ", This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:23. While much of this represent that blind eye of much that was going on in Latin America. 8 years ago. The Good Neighbor Policy promised Latin American countries that the United States would not interfere in the domestic concerns of these countries. The good Neighbor Policy, which reflected a major shift in Latin American Policy for the United States, has been seen in modern years as one of the most pivotal policies in maintaining constructive relationships in the hemisphere. The military intervention was in reaction to the murder of pro-American Haitian dictator Vilbrun Guillaume Sam by insurgent political opponents. 3, 1939, pp. In 1938, U.S. and British oil companies operating in Mexico refused to comply with Mexican government orders to raise wages and improve working conditions. The policy sought to redefine the way Americans perceived Latin Americans, while at the same time maintaining hemispheric unity. It echoed throughout political and cultural life as well. Both expressions of the men in this picture show a difference in opinion. The Good Neighbor Policy was a primary aspect of United Stated foreign policy implemented in 1933 by President Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) for the stated purpose of establishing friendly relations and mutual defense agreements with the nations of Latin America. For example, President Wilson landed U.S. troops in Mexico in 1914, in Haiti in 1915, in the Dominican Republic in 1916, in Mexico a second time in 1916, and in Mexico several additional times before Wilson left office, in Cuba in 1917, and in Panama in 1918. This made many Latin Americans wary of U.S. presence in their region and subsequently hostilities grew towards the United States. In January 1942, at a Meeting of Consultation of Latin American Ministers of Foreign Affairs in Rio, the Latin American nations agreed to increase economic cooperation, suspend trade with the Axis powers, coordinate their censorship of Axis propaganda, and hunt for Axis spies and saboteurs. While the U.S. government had helped found the OAS, its focus under President Harry Truman had shifted to rebuilding Europe and Japan instead of maintaining the Good Neighbor Policy’s relations with Latin America. Definition and List of Countries, What Is Imperialism? How did the economic depression after World War I affect governments in Latin America? [23], The era of the Good Neighbor Policy ended with the ramp-up of the Cold War in 1945, as the United States felt there was a greater need to protect the Western Hemisphere from Soviet influence. The United States Maritime Commission contracted Moore-McCormack Lines to operate a "Good Neighbor fleet"[10] of ten cargo ships and three recently laid-up ocean liners between the United States and South America. justify U.S. involvement in the Mexican Revolution, Mexico's nationalization of foreign-owned oil assets, Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs, Good Neighbor Policy and the 1939 World's Fair, CIA subversion of Nicaragua's Sandinista government, http://www.puzzledelahistoria.com/?p=27628, https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/good-neighbor, "Mr Moore, Mr McCormack, and the Seven Seas", Pan Americanism, FDR's Good Neighbor Policy CBS, OIAA on Books.Google.Com, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/buenos-aires-conference-1936, https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/interwar/lima.htm, Military history of the United States during World War II, Springwood birthplace, home, and gravesite, Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia, United States intervention in Latin America, United States involvement in the Mexican Revolution, United States involvement in regime change in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Good_Neighbor_policy&oldid=991323221, History of the foreign relations of the United States, Foreign policy doctrines of the United States, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Beck, Earl R. "The Good Neighbor Policy, 1933-1938,", McPherson, Alan. A notable example, the U.S government expressed to the Cuban government that it should increase American quotas for Cuban sugar under a trade agreement, with the idea that it will benefit Cuba’s local economy. A fun and focused introductory video lecture by an experienced teacher describing the essentials of FDR's Good Neighbor policy with Latin America. Its primary goal was to ensure mutual friendly relations between the U.S. and the nations of Latin America. From the late 1890s to the 1930s, Argentina reacted to what its leaders considered to be U.S. imperialism by carrying out a sustained effort to cripple the capability of the United States to employ military force in Latin America. Relevance. To decrease U.S. intervention in Latin American Countries. After so many years of tense relationships with Latin American countries, President Hoover had a … Answer Save. 166–170. It also reinforced the idea that the United States would be a "good neighbor" and engage in reciprocal exchanges with Latin American countries. This focused on ending economic dependence on the industrial powers, especially the United States. American troops had occupied Haiti since July 28, 1915, when President Woodrow Wilson sent 330 U.S. Marines to Port-au-Prince. In order to accomplish this, Roosevelt created the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (OCIAA) in August 1940 and appointed Nelson Rockefeller to head the organization. Good Neighbor Policy, 1933 Introduction. To maintain peace and economic stability in the Western Hemisphere, Roosevelt’s policy stressed cooperation, non … President Herbert Hoover turned against interventionism and developed policies that Roosevelt perfected. The U.S.'s immediate recognition of the new dictator does much to tarnish Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy in the eyes of Latin Americans. The declaration was to be known as the "Declaration of Lima". Senator Henry Clayhad coined the term Good Neighbor in the previou… [4] Until the end of the Cold War the United States directly or indirectly attacked all suspected socialist or communist movements in the hope of ending the spread of Soviet influence. [3] Overall, the Roosevelt administration expected that this new policy would create new economic opportunities in the form of reciprocal trade agreements and reassert the influence of the United States in Latin America; however, many Latin American governments were not convinced.[4]. Pelosi responds after Trump says 'we really need' stimulus. Hadley Cantril (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1951), 502. See answer javiportillo06 javiportillo06 It help create a working relationship with Canada and Latin America. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States periodically intervened militarily in Latin American nations to protect its interests, particularly the commercial interests of the US business community. Introduction The Mexican Revolution reflected a growing spirit of nationalism throughout Latin America. The main challenge to Hoover’s non-interventionist policy came from Argentina, then the wealthiest Latin American country. In many cases, the methods of curbing communism conflicted with the Good Neighbor Policy’s principle of non-intervention, leading to a period of renewed U.S. involvement in Latin American affairs. It was officially reversed in 1934 with the advent of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “good neighbor” policy towards Latin America. Used as a product to promote positive hemispheric relations, her films, including The Gang's All Here, explicitly promoted the Good Neighbor policy. In 1940, as World War II loomed, Mexico agreed to sell much-needed crude oil to the United States. Part of the 1934 treaty annulled the Platt Amendment, a provision of the 1901 U.S. army funding bill, which had established stringent conditions under which the U.S. would end its military occupation and “leave the government and control of the island of Cuba to its people.” Annulment of the Platt Amendment allowed for the immediate withdrawal of U.S. troops from Cuba. What effect did the Good Neighbor have on the relations between the United States and Latin American countries from 1933 to 1939. STUART, GRAHAM. See more ideas about Good neighbor policy, Good neighbor, America. However, in the late 1960s, as part of the Cold War, the United States government provided support to right-wing dictatorships with Operation Condor. Latin America. 2.) Leaders throughout Latin America criticized the United States bitterly at a conference in nineteen twenty-eight. Latin American Nationalism 1. Those who made policy in 1933 and after could ill afford to be concerned about altruism. The Good Neighbor policy ensured the security of the United States through gaining support and defense in Latin America with a united front against possible Axis … However, the U.S. began to shift its focus to aid and rebuilding efforts in Europe and Japan. One division within the OCIAA, the Motion Picture Division, was headed by John Hay Whitney, with the main intent to abolish preexisting stereotypes of Latin Americans that were prevalent throughout American society. Still have questions? Mexico’s desire to prevent American military intervention in Latin America grew from the loss of half of its territory in the Mexican-American War from 1846 to 1848. Data adapted from Public Opinion 1935-1946, ed. But it did not lead to … However, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the U.S. continued to periodically use military force or threats to protect the commercial interests of American companies operating in Latin American countries. Editors - Bronfman, Alejandra & Wood, Andrew Grant. Initiated in 1933, the Good Neighbor Policy committed the U.S. to a noninterventionist foreign policy in Latin America, reversing a decades-long trend. "Herbert Hoover, Occupation Withdrawal, and the Good Neighbor Policy. In 1934, the Good Neighbor Policy led to the ratification of the U.S. Treaty of Relations with Cuba. It was a “hands-off” policy dictated by our fear of European aggression. During most of the nineteenth century the United States paid little attention to Latin America. Despite the troop withdrawal, continued U.S. intervention in Cuba’s internal affairs directly contributed to the 1958 Cuban Revolution and the rise to power of anti-American Cuban communist dictator Fidel Castro. US-Latin America Relations in the 19th Century, Cold War and the End of the Good Neighbor Policy, What Is Dollar Diplomacy? With the fair boasting over 60 countries, with some coming from Latin America, it was the place to redefine negative Latin American stereotypes. In his first inaugural address on March 4, 1933, President Roosevelt announced his intent to reverse the United States’ past course of foreign military intervention when he stated, “In the field of world policy I would dedicate this nation to the policy of the good neighbor—the neighbor who resolutely respects himself and, because he does so, respects the sanctity of his agreements in and with a world of neighbors.”, Specifically directing his policy toward Latin America, Roosevelt marked “Pan-American Day” on April 12, 1933, when he stated, “Your Americanism and mine must be a structure built of confidence, cemented by a sympathy which recognizes only equality and fraternity.”, FDR’s intent to end interventionism and forge friendly relationships between the U.S. and Latin America was confirmed by his Secretary of State Cordell Hull at a conference of American states in Montevideo, Uruguay, in December 1933. "[6] In order to create a friendly relationship between the United States and Central as well as South American countries, Roosevelt sought to stray from asserting military force in the region. C.) The development of domestic industry D.) The more equal distribution of wealth5.) People lost faith in democratically elected governments. …what became known as the Good Neighbor Policy, which repudiated altogether the right of intervention in Latin America. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt took office determined to improve relations with the nations of Central and South America. By exercising restraint in the region as a whole and by withdrawing American occupation forces from the Caribbean, Roosevelt increased the prestige of the United States in Latin America to its highest… [2], The policy's main principle was that of non-intervention and non-interference in the domestic affairs of Latin America. The Good Neighbor policy (Spanish: Política de buena vecindad Portuguese: Política de Boa Vizinhança) was the foreign policy of the administration of United States President Franklin Roosevelt towards Latin America. The important results of the Buenos Aires Conference in 1936 led to further developments at the Pan-American Conference of Lima 1938, where the Conference of American States agreed in a declaration to settle all disputes peacefully, to refrain from interfering in other countries' internal affairs, to deny recognition of territories seized, and make it illegal to collect debts by force. Answer. [20] Against this background the United States called for a special meeting of the Pan-American Union. The CIA overthrow of Guatemalan President Jacobo Árbenz in 1954, U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republic in 1965-66, CIA-coordinated efforts to unseat Chilean socialist President Salvador Allende in 1970–73. [7] This position was affirmed by Cordell Hull, Roosevelt's Secretary of State at a conference of American states in Montevideo in December 1933. Which statement best summarizes the statement the goal of the United States' Good Neighbor Policy? ‘Beast of a snake’: Python caught in Florida sets record In this declaration President Monroe made it clear to all the world that the United States would oppose any attempts by non-American powers to colonize any part of the Americas. S affect other nations around It created a working relationship with Latin America … As a professional journalist, Chester insisted upon the presentation of accurate news programming as well as cultural programs which dispelled the negative stereotype of Americans toiling as automatons in a national industrial machine. Each country seized the opportunity to showcase their country and to make it more appealing to those around the world, especially in the United States. Hoover's relations with Latin America differ from those of his predecessors in that he supported much more friendly relations with Latin America, making it easier the 'Good Neighbor' policy of his successor. After decades of American imperialism in Latin American nations, Franklin Roosevelt wanted to reduce American influence and improve relations. The US would no longer militarily intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries (this did end) 0 0. Today, Mexico remains the United States’ third-largest source of imported oil, behind only Canada and Saudi Arabia. The Good Neighbor Policy was a primary aspect of United Stated foreign policy implemented in 1933 by President Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) for the stated purpose of establishing friendly relations and mutual defense agreements with the nations of Latin America. Roosevelt was a big advocate of the equality of economic systems. Held in Buenos Aries from December 3 to December 26, 1936, the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace received great attention from the countries of the western hemisphere. The Good Neighbor Policy was the United States' approach to foreign policy established in 1933 by President Franklin Roosevelt. F.D. Economic Side of Good Neighbor Policy earlier "Open Door Policy," appealed to the public's illusory wish to believe that foreign policy could be altruistic. Historically, Latin Americans were lackadaisically portrayed as lazy, backwards and suspicious. Early concrete effects of the Good Neighbor Policy included the removal of U.S. Marines from Nicaragua in 1933 and from Haiti in 1934. Apr 23, 2013 - Explore Jenn Zellers's board "Good Neighbor Policy - Latin America" on Pinterest. U.S. interventions in this era included the CIA overthrow of Guatemala's President Jacobo Árbenz in 1954, the unsuccessful CIA-backed Bay of Pigs Invasion in Cuba in 1961, the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état which helped to remove from power democratically elected President João Goulart, the occupation of the Dominican Republic 1965-66, the CIA subversion of Chilean President Salvador Allende in 1970–73, Operation Charly in Central America, Operation Condor in South America, and the CIA subversion of Nicaragua's Sandinista government from about 1981 to 1990.[4]. Get your answers by asking now. The Cold War led to a revival of the Monroe Doctrine and the Roosevelt Corollary (a quick end to the Good Neighbor Policy), which had warned Europeans against retaking their former colonies. His domestic policies were much admired in Latin America and in some cases copied by moderate reformists, but his Good Neighbor Policy won the warm approval of almost all Latin American rulers, since it entailed formal renunciation of the right of intervention in favour of peaceful cajoling and assorted economic, military, and technical aid programs. Franklin D. Roosevelt attended the meeting in person and delivered a speech in which he said that American countries are determined to live in peace and that if there is any aggression from outside, the countries of the western hemisphere are fully prepared to negotiate for their common security and interests. Who Were the Democratic Presidents of the United States? American foreign policy toward Latin America under the Franklin Roosevelt administration Robert Longley is a U.S. government and history expert with over 30 years of experience in municipal government. They also endorsed the Good Neighbor Policy. As a result, many Latin Americans had grown increasingly hostile toward the United States and its so-called “gunboat diplomacy” by the time President Roosevelt took office in 1933. "[8] Roosevelt then confirmed the policy in December of the same year: "The definite policy of the United States from now on is one opposed to armed intervention."[9]. [17][18] Also, the policy's cultural impact included the launch of CBS Radio's Viva América and Hello Americans programs and the Walt Disney films Saludos Amigos (1942) and The Three Caballeros (1944). Top Answer. "[15] In order to accomplish this, Whitney urged film studios to hire Latin Americans and to produce movies that placed Latin America in a favorable light. In the late 1950s, United States strengthened relations with Latin America, launching the Inter-American Development Bank and later the Alliance for Progress. We were busy expanding westward, fighting a Civil War, and in general becoming a nation. The Results of the Good Neighbor Policy In Latin America By GRAHAM STUART THE Good Neighbor policy of the Roose velt administration has been functioning for six years under the sympathetic and able direction of Secretary of State Hull and Undersecretary of State Welles. Also, in the context of the War on Drugs, the United States government has collaborated with local governments to fight cartels, for example with the Plan Colombia and the Mérida Initiative. By the end of World War II, Latin America was, according to one historian, the region of the world most supportive of American foreign policy.[19]. Aided by its Good Neighbor alliance with the U.S., Mexico grew PEMEX into one of the world’s largest oil companies and helped Mexico become the world’s seventh-largest oil exporter. [22] Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, Cuba, Mexico, Nicaragua and the Pan American Union were all represented at the World’s Fair. While Britain reacted by cutting diplomatic relations with Mexico, the United States—under the Good Neighbor Policy—increased its cooperation with Mexico. Although the policy was implemented by the Roosevelt administration, President Woodrow Wilson had previously used the term, but subsequently went on to justify U.S. involvement in the Mexican Revolution and occupation of Haiti. Under the Castro regime, hundreds of thousands of Cubans fled their country, many for the United States. What was one effect of latin America economic nationalism A.) [21], The 1939 New York World's Fair was just the place to promote neighborly relations between the United States and Latin America. [14] Whitney was convinced of "the power that Hollywood films could exert in the two-pronged campaign to win the hearts and minds of Latin Americans and to convince Americans of the benefits of Pan-American friendship. Amanda Ellis, “Captivating a Country With Her Curves: Examining the Importance of Carmen Miranda’s Iconography in Creating National Identities.”(Masters Thesis, State University of New York at Buffalo, 2008). Similarly, in 1941 Edmund A. Chester at CBS Radio collaborated with the OCIAA to create the "La Cadena de las Américas" (Network of the Americas) radio network to broadcast news and cultural programs which reflected Roosevelt's Good neighbor Policy and Pan-Americanism throughout Latin America during World War II. Also, for most of the Wilson administration, the U.S. military occupied Nicaragua, installed a Nicaraguan president that the U.S. preferred, and ensured that the country signed treaties favorable to the U.S.[5], In an effort to denounce past U.S. interventionism and subdue any subsequent fears of Latin Americans, Roosevelt announced on March 4, 1933, during his inaugural address, "In the field of World policy, I would dedicate this nation to the policy of the good neighbor, the neighbor who resolutely respects himself and, because he does so, respects the rights of others, the neighbor who respects his obligations and respects the sanctity of his agreements in and with a World of neighbors. Media Sound & Culture in Latin America & the Caribbean. The OCIAA was essentially a propaganda tool used by the United States to define Latin American society, as they perceived it. He has written for ThoughtCo since 1997. Nonetheless, the principle that the United States’ political and economic interests are intimately related to that of Latin America remained. As secretary of commerce in the early 1920s, he promoted Latin American trade and investment, and after taking office in 1929, Hoover promised to reduce U.S. intervention in Latin American affairs. After the Roosevelt Corollary of 1904, whenever the United States felt its debts were not being repaid in a prompt fashion, its citizens' business interests were being threatened, or its access to natural resources was being impeded, military intervention or threats were often used to coerce the respective government into compliance. Placed against the backdrop of a growing Nazi threat, the World’s Fair was an attempt to escape from the looming prospect of war and to promote peace and interdependence between nations. Tensions between the countries worsened with the onset of the Cold War. Roosevelt’s policies of military non-intervention in Latin America would be reversed by Presidents Harry Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower after World War II. “IMMIGRATION: Latino Migration and U.S. Foreign Policy.” Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS), 16 July 2014, clas.berkeley.edu/research/immigration-latino-migration-and-us-foreign-policy Definition and Examples, How the Great Depression Altered US Foreign Policy, 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It, US and Cuba Have History of Complex Relations. Far from becoming “good neighbors,” Castro’s Cuba and the United States remained sworn enemies throughout the Cold War. How did the Great depression in the U. I 'm pretty sure the answer Is a U.S. government and history expert with over 30 of! Broken, as World War II, the policy 's main principle was that of non-intervention non-interference. American society, as World War II loomed, Mexico agreed to sell much-needed crude to! 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As it concerned South America countries worsened with the nations of Central and America! A fun and focused introductory video lecture by an experienced teacher describing the essentials of FDR 's Good Neighbor committed! The internal or external affairs of Latin America same time maintaining hemispheric unity be known as ``. Panama as a hemisphere-wide military academy this background the United States bitterly at a in... ' Good Neighbor policy committed the U.S. 's immediate recognition of the Good Neighbor was! Early concrete effects of the Cold War which statement best summarizes the statement the goal of the Pan-American Union advent. ' stimulus from 1959 to 1970, the policy 's main principle was that of Latin America 2 ] the...

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